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Local History Artifacts Holland Marsh
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Black Magic Film

Event Date: 1974
Event Type: Educational Film
Description: This film profiles the vegetable growing industry and people of the Bradford Marsh, and talks about how farming practices have changed from past to present.

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food - Information Branch

Book of Levels

This notebook contains the levels taken and noted by Dave Sutherland for the Holland Marsh Reclamation Scheme. The second page states, "Holland Marsh reclamation scheme commencing at west side of Holland River going S.W. across marsh Feb 15/24."

Dave Sutherland

Book of Levels - Inside View

This notebook contains the levels taken and noted by Dave Sutherland for the Holland Marsh Reclamation Scheme. The second page (as seen in this image) states, "Holland Marsh reclamation scheme commencing at west side of Holland River going S.W. across marsh Feb 15/24."

Dave Sutherland

Jar of Wheat Seeds

Jar of wheat seeds. Wheat was one of the agricultural products grown in the Holland Marsh area. Part of a donation by Tom Fuller Jr. that consists of items used in agriculture on the Holland Marsh.

Tom Fuller, Jr.

Keuffel and Esser Level

A Keuffel & Esser level that was used for activities such as surveying. It was originally owned by Professor William H. Day, who was integral to the Holland Marsh Drainage Scheme's beginnings. The survey of the marsh determined the elevation of the muck soil and the bordering "highland" soils, providing the information the planners would need to determine the grades, estimate the materials to be moved and to determine the alignment of the canal.

The drainage scheme report came out in 1924 and work began in the mid-1920s. The work involved intercepting part of the Holland River and the diversion of water around the perimeter of the area using drainage canals. Canal excavation materials were used to create dykes on the to-be reclaimed (marshland) side of the canals. The re-claimed land was used for farming and roads were constructed on top of the dykes to allow for transportation.

Joe Saint

Marsh Clippers

One pair of marsh clippers. These clippers were used for cutting lettuce on the Holland Marsh during the 1930s. Part of a donation by Tom Fuller Jr. that consists of items used in agriculture on the Holland Marsh.

Tom Fuller, Jr.

Storage Box for Professor Day's Level

Ae box for an instrument, a Keuffel & Esser level.

Part of a collection of Professor William H. Day's work equipment, donated by Joe Saint. Both the case and level were originally owned by Professor William H. Day, who was integral to the Holland Marsh Drainage Scheme's beginnings. The equipment was traded to Len Saint in the 1930s for a truck. The survey of the marsh determined the elevation of the muck soil and the bordering "highland" soils, providing the information the planners would need to determine the grades, estimate the materials to be moved and to determine the alignment of the canal.

Joe Saint

Wheat Grinder

A hand powered wheat seed grinder. The grinder can be used by holding the handle and rolling it back and forth over seeds until ground. Wheat was one of the agricultural products grown in the Holland Marsh area. Part of a donation by Tom Fuller Jr. that consists of items used in agriculture on the Holland Marsh.

Tom Fuller, Jr.